Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Inoculation of seed ,vith bacterial culture

Guar plant develops, nodules on its roots, in which a special kind of bacteria live and convert
the free nitrogen of the atmosphere into a form of fertilizer which is absorbed by the roots of the
plant. This symbiotic relation of the bacteria and root nodules is useful in saving cost of nitrogenous
fertilizers. Therefore, before sowing the seeds are inoculated with these bacteria so that their
population increases in the soil, with the growth of the plant. This is done by preparing a 10% sugar or gur solution in boiling water. This sugar solution is allowed to cool. On cooling 3 -4 packets of guar bacterial culture are mixed with solution to make a thin paste. This paste is coated over to the seed. Seed is dried under shade for 30 -40 minutes before sowing.

Saturday, September 26, 2015

Guar Pre-Sowing Price Forecast

To help the farmers in taking a Sowing decision for Guar, the expected prices of Guar during Nov. 2015- Jan., 2016 (At the time of Harvest) have been forecasted. The price forecasting is taken up by Institute of Agribusiness Management, SKRAU, Bikaner under the aegis of NIAP under the project of Network Project on Market Intelligence.
The Institute of Agribusiness Management SKRAU, Bikaner analysed the past 10 years Wholesale Model prices data (Nov., 2015- Jan., 2016) that prevailed in Sriganganagar market and interacted with of experienced persons and traders of this market in order to assist the farmers in better decision making. The results of the sophisticated scientific analysis revealed that the prices of good quality guar at the time of arvesting (Nov. 2015- Jan.2016) will hover around Rs.4200-4500/- per quintal in Sriganganagar and Bikaner that is main market of Guar. 

Friday, September 25, 2015


Price Movement of Guar
Guar bean has shelf life of more than 3 years without losing out on any of its properties or qualities. It requires the minimum maintenance and handling environment. Therefore, traders
 derivatives very much depend on the monsoon condition and its likely production.  or stockist store guar for as long as 6-7 years. However, prices of Guar bean as well as its
  Factors Influencing Guar Price
1. Rainfall during sowing and critical     stages of growth
2. Area sown under the crop in Major  states like rajasthan, Haryana,  Punjab, Gujarat, etc.
3. Pattern of arrivals on a regular basis in markets like Jodhpur, Bikaner, Sriganganagar, Adampur, Bhiwani,   Siwani, etc.
4. Demand from millers or rocessors  and export demand
5. Carryover stock.
The prices are observed to be highly volatile during monsoon months due to market speculation. There is a good correlation between rainfall and production in Rajasthan as the Guar crop is rain-fed. The effect of rainfall on production is seen less in case of Haryana where Guar is an irrigated crop. The other factors like pattern of arrival, demand from millers and 
export also cause volatile price movement. 

Fluctuation in Spot prices 

The spot price of Guar seed for the last 7 years i.e., from 2007 to 2013 reflects high volatility of prices. The Spot price at Jaipur market and Sri Ganganagar are analyzed. The price fluctuates highly during monsoon period i.e. July to October. Guar seed traded at  Kishangarh Renwal market between INR 4000/qt. during Oct, 2012 to INR 15000/qt. in the month of December, 2012. In 2013 the highest price at Jaipur was recorded in the month of January at INR 14400/qt. and lowest recorded was INR 4200/qt. in August. Highest fluctuation in prices of Guar bean has been observed inthe year 2012. During the year 2012, prices at Sri Ganganagar market ranged from INR 7752/qt. to INR 28556.2/qt. Annual volatility (measured as Coefficient of Variation) in Mandi prices of Guar seed at different markets has been worked out and

Table Volatility in Guar bean Prices (C.V. in %)


                       RAJASTHAN                                                    HARYANA
 Source: Agmarknet 

Results of the analysis reflect that there was high volatility in prices of Guar bean at 
Hissar (56.7% and 56.6% in 2012 and 2013, respectively), Fatehabad (56.3% in 
2012), Jaipur (50.6% in 2011), Adampur (47.7% in 2012), Sri Ganganagar (46.1% in 
2012) and Hanumangarh (36.1% in 20011) markets, as indicated by the higher 
magnitude of CV in the respective markets. 

The price of Guar seed ranged from INR 4000/- per quintal to INR 11000/- quintal at 
Jaipur market in 2013. While for the same period the price range at Sri Ganganagar 
was from INR 7752/- per quintal to INR 28556/- per quintal. In the year 2013 the 
ranges of price at Jaipur and Sri Ganganagar market were INR 4361/- per quintal to 
INR 11482/- per quintal and INR 5004/- per quintal to INR 11743/- per quintal 

The high price fluctuation in Guar is mainly on account of higher fluctuation in area 
and production of Guar seed depending on the spread and level of monsoon rainfall in the Producing centers and the export demand of Guar gum from the importing 

Monday, May 18, 2015

The report Guar 2015

The report “Guar Industry Outlook 2015 gives an overview of guar industry with respect to 2015 by giving future perspective with reference to past. The report can be an important information source for the stakeholders to make informed decision with respect to highly uncertain future of guar industry. 

The Guar Industry has evolved from being used for domestic and ruminant feed purpose to finding applications in industries. Owing to new technology, research and development the natural gum property of guar has varied applications from food, pharma industry to oil Industry to and is poised to grow.

 India is the major producer of Guar Seed followed by Pakistan and US. India's guar seed production is subjected to temporal fluctuations and it ranged between 2-18 lakh tons during 2005-06 to 2012-13. The area under cultivation of guar in India has not changed much from last 10 years even then the production has increased to a great extent due to increasing productivity. Rajasthan is a major producer of guar among Indian states. The State produces more than 70% of total guar seed produced in the country. Haryana is the second largest Guar producing state in India which contributes around 11% of total guar seed production. The productivity of guar in Haryana is much higher than the productivity in Rajasthan.

The processing of guar gives three products mainly viz. guar splits, churi and Korma. Guar split is used as a main products for different industrial uses while Churi and Korma are used as cattle feed. 

Nearly 75-80% of the Guar Gum or other derivatives of Guar seed are being produced in India and are exported mainly to USA and European countries. The value added derivatives of Guar seed are used by the various industries in India as well as abroad. Pakistan, Sudan and parts of USA are the other major Guar growing countries which produces nearly 20% of world guar seed production. 

India contributes for more than 80% of the world guar split supply. Total world supply of guar split is around 4-5 lakh tonnes in a normal year. It increased upto 8 lakh tonnes as has been recorded in the year 2003-04. The consumption of guar gum by Fast Hydrated Gum (FHG) industry was limited to around 30%. But at present the scenario has changed and the major consumer of guar gum is FHG industry.It is also seen that the demand from food industry has reduced to around 20% only from 50-55% prior to the year 2005. 

The market of guar has witnessed a shift which was quite unexpected for the participants in the industry. The mean price of guar from 2007 to 2011 was moving around Rs. 2000/qt. to Rs. 2100. But the high price fluctuations in the year 2012 the mean price of entire period (2007-2013) shifted to a new high at around Rs. 3600/qt. at Jaipur market. The similar price movement has been witnessed by almost all the markets to the same extent. Mean spot price of guar seed for the last two year was around Rs. 7600/qt. In 2013 the price is moving towards stability. 

Although AGMARK grades are defined, market is run by industry grade as defined by the traders. Due to the fact that the product has a very long storage life, most of the product purchased from the mandi by traders is released in a staggered way as per the demand for coming years. The price in the market (trader to miller) is influenced by the stock positions. Most of the traders store guar seed in their own storage structures instead of storing in accredited warehouses. Warehousing facilities for storage of guar seed is inadequate thus needs more storage structures to be built. The quality of the commodity is not maintained properly at the warehouses, and there should be strict regulations for the warehouses on quality issue. 

The market is constraint by lack of transparency and market information. In spite of the fact that guar has assumed importance of stratospheric level, there is no systematic collection and dissemination of market information to the participants. 

All India Coordinated Research Project on Arid Legumes including research in Guar as a mandate is the only research effort towards guar crop in the country. The progress in research and development have been made at CAZARI, Agriculture Research Station (ARS), Durgapura, and CCS Haryana Agricultural University. R&D efforts have focused to produce good quality seed of notified varieties of guar. The scientists are also developing extra early maturing variety. The R&D efforts coupled with training to the farmers for quality seed production is paving way for integrated lab to land transfer of technology. 

The future of guar industry is for specialized applications and derivatives. It is envisaged that the industry will move towards product differentiation to meet the specific and niche demand. For example- in food industry there is growing preference for bio-degradable, non-polluting and organic, products. This gives ample scope for leveraging investment, knowledge management, technology and partnerships for technology sharing and transfer.

click blow

Saturday, May 16, 2015


1) What is Guar? 

Guar or cluster bean (sometimes clusterbean) (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (syn. C. psoralioides), Fabaceae)
is an annual legume plant that grows in semiarid regions. Guar is drought-tolerant and can be eaten green
like snap beans, fed to cattle or used as a green manure. It bears many bean-like pods, each of which
contains six to nine small, rounded seeds. The guar seed is typically made up of 40% to 46% germ, 38% to
45% endosperm, and 14% to 16% husk. The gum is obtained from the grounded endosperm.

2) What is Guar Gum?

Guar gum, a natural gum, is an edible thickening agent extracted from the guar bean. Guar beans have a
large endosperm which contains galactomannan gum which forms a gel in water. This is commonly known
as guar gum and is widely used Food and industrial applications. Guar gum has also proven a useful
substitute for locust bean gum.

3) How is Guar Gum prepared? 

Guar gum is prepared by removing the husk and germ portions before extracting the gum from the

4) What is Guar Gum mainly used as? 

Guar Gum is mainly used as natural thickener, emulsifier, stabilizer, bonding agent, hydrocolloid, gelling
agent, soil stabilizer, natural fiber, flocculants and fracturing agent.

5) What are the properties of Guar gum? 

Guar gum is soluble in hot and cold water but insoluble in most organic solvents and has strong hydrogen
bonding properties. It has excellent thickening, Emulsion, Stabilizing and film forming properties. It is
compatible with a variety of inorganic and organic substances including certain dyes and various
constituents of food.

6) How Guar gum powder is prepared? 

The seeds of Guar are split and the endosperm & germ is separated from the endosperm by sieving.
Through heating, grinding & polishing process the husk is separated from the endosperm halves and the
refined Guar Gum split are obtained. Through grinding process the refined Guar split are then treated and
converted into powder.

7) Which are the grades of Guar Gum Powder? 

There are two types of Guar Gum Powder
1) Food grade Guar Gum Powder
2) Industrial grade Guar Gum Powder

8) What are the factors to be considered for different grade Guar Gum Powder? 

The grade of Guar Gum Powder depends upon: active matter content, granulation, viscosity, pH and
degree of substitution.

9) What are the Physical Characteristics of Guar Gum Powder?

Guar Gum is a white to yellowish white powder and is nearly odorless. Fine finished Guar Gum Powder is
available in different viscosities and granulometries depending on the desired viscosity development and
10) In which food industries Guar gum is mainly used? 

Guar gum is mainly used in food industries for frozen food products, baked food products, dairy products,
sauces & salad preparations, confections, beverages, pet food etc. 11

11) In which other industries Guar gum is used? 

Guar gum is widely used in textile industry, paper industry, explosives industry, oil and gas drilling, mining,
construction, pharmaceutical, cosmetic industries and many other industries.

12) Which country mainly produced Guar? 

Guar crop is produced in the India, Pakistan, Sudan, USA, South Africa, Brazil, Malawi, Zaire and Australia.
13) Which country is the major producer of Guar? 

India is the major producer of Guar. India produces approximately 80% of world’s total production.
Pakistan follows India with 10 - 15% share in the world’s total production.

14) What is the height of Guar Plant? 

Guar plant is a rough to touch, bushy plant that has the ability to dwell even in the drought like conditions.
This small, purple flowered, pointed leaved plant ranges from 2-9 feet in height. It is consumed as a bean,
livestock fed and also in the form of manure in the fields.

15) What is the sowing and harvesting period of Guar? 

 The sowing period is in the months July and August right after the first shower of the monsoon.
 The harvesting period is in the months October and November.
Guar is clearly a rain dependent crop. If the rainfall levels fluctuate during the year, it strongly influences
the yield of the crop.

16) Who is the major exporter of Guar Gum? 

India, Pakistan, USA, Italy, Morocco, Spain, France, Greece, Germany are the major exporter of Guar Gum

17) Who is the major importer of Guar Gum? 

Canada, China, Chile, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, USA, Ireland,
Sweden, Greece, Portugal, Mexico are the major importer of Guar gum.

18) What is thickening agent or thickener? Is Guar gum used as a thickening agent? 

Yes, Guar gum is widely used as a thickening agent.
Thickening agents, or thickeners, are substances which, when added to the mixture, increase its viscosity
without substantially modifying its other properties, like taste. They provide body, increase stability, and
improve suspending action. Thickening agents are often food additives.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Future of Guar Market

The market of guar has witnessed a shift which was quite unexpected for the participants in the industry. The mean price of guar from 2007 to 2011 was moving around Rs. 2000/qt./qt. to Rs. 2100. But the high price fluctuations in the year 2012 the mean price of entire period (2007-2013) shifted to a new high at around Rs. 3600/qt. at Jaipur market. Mean price of last two year was around Rs. 7600/qt. In 2013 the price is moving towards stability with minor fluctuations. 

In the year 2012-13, the export of guar split and gum from India to the world was around 3.3 lakh tonnes. It is estimated that the 20% of output of guar is being consumed within the country. The estimated total output of guar split and gum in the year 2012-13 was around 4 lakh tonnes. The compounded Annual Growth Rate of guar gum industry is estimated at 17.6%. Even if the industry grows with 15% CAGR, the expected size of the market in 2015 will be around 5.3 lakh tonnes.

The production of guar at commercial level has been started in many of the African countries which is expected to overcome the trouble caused to the industry due to fluctuations in the production in India. After the emergence of usage of guar in oil drilling industry, there had not been any new application emerged so far which indicates that the demand will be consistent without much fluctuations. 

Though India accounts for 75-80% of the total guar produced in the world (60-70% is cultivated in Rajasthan) lack of technology on value addition diminishes the profits that can be earned from the crop. Lack of awareness among the stakeholders regarding the commercial value of the crop is resulting in under-exploitation of the crop for export. Meager efforts are made for stabilization of guar seed productivity in the country, since guar is not considered widely as a commercial crop. Countries like USA and Australia are making concerted efforts to grow guar seed extensively and thus production is showing increasing trend in those countries. This may lead to loss of international market for Indian guar gum products.

The future of guar industry is for specialized applications and derivatives. It is envisaged that the industry will move towards product differentiation to meet the specific and niche demand. For example- in food industry there is growing preference for bio-degradable, non-polluting and organic, products. This gives ample scope for leveraging investment, knowledge management, technology and partnerships for technology sharing and transfer. 

Wednesday, September 10, 2014


Guar Gum is relatively cost effective as compared to other thickeners and stabilizers along with it being an effective binder, plasticizer and emulsifier. One of the important properties of guar gum, a polysaccharide, is that it is high on galactose and mannose. Guar gum is also known as guarkernmehl, guaran, goma guar, gomme guar, gummi guar and galactomannan. Endosperm of guar seeds are used in many sectors of industries like mining, petroleum, textile, food products, feed Products, Pet Food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, water treatment, oil & gas well drilling and fracturing, explosives, confectioneries and many more. Since a long time Guar Gum can be also named as a hydrocolloid, is treated as the key product for humans and animals as it has a very high nourishing property.

Guar Gum is mainly used as a 

ƒ Natural thickener
ƒ Emulsifier
ƒ Stabiliser
ƒ Bonding agent
ƒ Hydrocolloid
ƒ Gelling agent
ƒ Soil Stabiliser
ƒ Natural fiber
ƒ Flocculants
ƒ Fracturing agen

Guar Gum for Food Industries 

Guar gum is one of the best thickening additives, emulsifying additives and stabilizing additives. In Food Industry Guar gum is used as gelling, viscosifying, thickening, clouding, and binding agent as well as used for stabilization, emulsification, preservation, water retention, enhancement of water soluble fiber content etc.

 Some food products in which guar gum powder is used: 

ƒ Ice Cream, soft drinks & concentrates, puddings
ƒ Chocolate milk, flavoured milks
ƒ Jams, jellies, fruit spreads, jelly sweets
ƒ Bread, biscuit and other baked foods
ƒ Ham and sausages
ƒ Soft cheese and cheese spreads
ƒ Canned or retorted food of fish and meat
ƒ Myonnaise, ketchup, sauce and dressings
ƒ Noodles and pasta

In Frozen Food Products: 
Guar gum reduces crystal formation, act as a binder & stabilizer to extend shelf
life of Ice-cream.
In Baked Food Products:
 Guar gum provides unparallel moisture preservation to the dough and retards fat
penetration in baked foods.
In Dairy Products:
 Guar Gum improves texture, maintains uniform viscosity and color.

Fast Hydration Guar Gum Powder 

Guar is also known as Cluster Bean (cyamopsis Tetragonoloba) a drought hardly
leguminous crop. Guar is being grown for seed, green fodder, vegetable and green
manuring. It is an annual plant about 4 feet high, vertically stacked, large leaves and clusters of pods. The pods are used as a green vegetable or as a cattle feed besides the industrial extraction of Guar gum.

Properties of Guar Gum: 

• It is soluble in cold water.
• It has strong hydrogen bonding properties.
• It has excellent thickening, emulsion, stabilizing and film forming properties.
• It has excellent stability to control rheology by water phase management.

Guar Gum is used as:

• Natural thickener
• Emulsifier
• Stabilizer
• Bonding agent
• Hydrocolloid
• Gelling agent
• Natural Fiber
• Fracturing agent

The natural fast hydrating, dispersible and diesel slurriable guar gum is ideally suitable for all rheological requirements of oil well drilling, continuous fracturing and diesel slurry. It is widely used in oil well drilling due to its multi-function such as fluid and water loss control, viscosity control, lubrication. It is used for cooling of drill bits, mud drilling and cementing slurries, where immediate high viscosity and quick hydration is required. The main use of guar gum is in top hole oil well drilling. Industrial grade guar gum powder is suitable for use in oil well fracturing, oil well stimulation, mud drilling and serves as a stabilizer, thickener and suspending agent.
In oil well drilling guar gum used as a surfactant, fracturing fluid and synthetic polymer for all requirements of water based and brine based oil well drills. It attains high viscosity in 3 to5 minutes of time. 

Monday, July 28, 2014


ACI AGRO SOLUTION utilizes local workers that have experience in guar cultivation and irrigation. These workers plant, tend and harvest the crop. The manager ensures workers are reliable and knowledgeable. Once harvested, the seeds are transported to a local processor so the endosperm can be ground into guar gum, and the residual sold/used as fertilizer for the next crop.
With the support of carefully selected guar agriculture experts from two key universities, the company focusses on continuous monitoring of soil conditions, irrigation needs and subjects the crop to ongoing oversight from seed to harvest by aggregating information in order to continuously improve operations and to increase yield as much as possible. Our research and development consultants work on techniques to increase quality and quantity of guar gum products. The company also aims to participate in R & D proposals from any innovators in the guar growing industry, and aims to fund the most promising proponents.
Areas of research are planned to include the following:
• Crop production in different climatic conditions
• Crop production utilizing differing water availability
• High yield varieties
• High gum percentage variety
• Short duration crops
• Disease and pest resistance
• Improvement in the size and boldness of seed
• Mechanization of guar cultivation
• Innovations in guar storage facilities
• Efficient gum extraction technology
• Increase in scope of application of guar seeds and gum
• Marketing and processing infrastructure
The Company continues to foster strong relationships with officials in India’s agriculture ministry. Funding government-led research projects will ensure ACI AGRO SOLUTION is at the forefront of developments in the industry and in full regulatory compliance.
ACI AGRO closely monitors the market and aims to sell at a strong market price or store the product if there is instability or uncertainty – ensuring the company remains profitable while working on innovations to enhance growth.

Friday, July 4, 2014

strong year for guar

2013 was a strong year for guar sowing and production in India. The total sowing area rose by 21 percent in 2013 to reach 10.6 million acres. Rajasthan, Haryana, and Gujarat – the three key guar-producing states –exceeded the sowing area target set by their respective agriculture departments. Non-traditional guar cultivators other Indian states also showed keen interest in the crop in 2013.
The complex nature of the guar gum industry in India warrants close monitoring of the market at all times. The industry is starting 2014 with a strong stock of guar seeds, ample processing capacity to produce guar gum, and steady global demand. Despite these positive market fundamentals, the guar industry in India remains exposed to price volatility because of potential impact from additional market factors. These factors, which are mainly specific to India, have the potential to disrupt the guar market.
The opaque nature of guar gum supply chain in India demands continuous, close monitoring of developments on the ground to better predict pricing and supply trends as 2014 season unfolds. While prices look stable at this juncture, there are that could have a significant impact to the stability of the guar market

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Strong end demand in oil and natural gas production

According to industry estimates, global guar gum demand grew 33% to 681k metric tons in the 2011-12 selling season from 510k in 2010-2011. These same sources estimate a more modest 4% increase in demand in 2012-2013 to 711k metric tons. India is the world’s leading supplier of guar gum, producing roughly 80% of global supplies. The US purchased 75% of India’s guar gum output in 2011-2012, with China a distant second at 6%. Of this US demand, 62% of it was for industrial grade guar gum, with the majority of that demand being fueled by the oil and gas industry. Guar Global will focus on producing hydroxypropyl guar gum for the US oil and gas industry, where it is valued for its unique gelling properties, making it ideal for resource extraction in drilling and hydraulic fracturing projects. Guar gum is the main 
natural (EPA safe) viscosifier for fracking fluids. It mixes with water, leaves behind minimal residue and is easy to crosslink and clean out. It is estimated that each frack utilizes roughly 10,000 lbs of guar gum. Demand for natural gas shows no sign of slowing down, and the International Energy Outlook 2013 predicts global natural gas demand to rise 1.5% annually through 2040

Wednesday, March 5, 2014

guar gum health benefits

Guar Gum is popular and has a wide range of uses in many industries, the largest market being the food industry.Primarily due to its affordability, high soluble fibre content, its ability to absorb liquids and act as a strong thickening agent in small uantities.In cooking and baking Guar Gum is included as a natural food stabiliser,
thickener and emulsifier.It is used in doughs, pastries, dairy foods,soups, stews, drinks and condiments, safe in gluten-free products and used in ice cream and frozen desserts to retard ice crystal growth. It is a positive addition to dietary fibre intake, for general digestive and colon health and to assist with conditions such as diarrhoea, constipation and chronic bowel conditions. Guar Gum may promote a protective, pain-relieving and healing effect on gastric ulcers, contribute to lowering cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar levels in those with relative conditions and also play a positive role in general weight loss and obesity with the promotion of fullness, satiety and appetite suppression. It is also a popular choice in the manufacture of skin creams and gels to thicken and stabilise preparations.Certainly a natural and affordable plant based alternative to consider for use, 

Thursday, February 20, 2014

Properties of Guar Gum

The most important property of guar gum is its ability to hydrate rapidly in cold water to attain uniform and very high viscosity at relatively low concentrations. Apart from being the most cost-effective stabilizer and emulsifier it provides texture improvement and water binding, enhances mouth feel and controls crystal formation. The main properties of guar gum are:

.It is soluble in hot & cold water but insoluble in most organic solvents. 
.It has strong hydrogen bonding properties. 
.It has excellent thickening, emulsion, stabilizing and film forming properties. 
.It has excellent ability to control rheology by water phase management. 
.The viscosity of guar gum is influenced by temperature, pH, presence of salts and 
other solids. 

Chemically, guar gum is a straight chain galactomannan, which is 75-85% of the endosperm, has a chain of (1→4)-linked-β-D-mannopyranosyl units with single α-D- galactopyranosyl units connected by (1→6) linkages to, on the average, every second main chain unit (Fig. 4). The ratio of D-mannopyranosyl to D-galactopyranosyl units is about 1.8:1. The average molecular weight of guaran is in the range of 1-2 ×106 dalton. The cis-position is important since adjacent hydroxyl groups reinforce each other in hydrogen bonding reactions. 

Friday, November 29, 2013


The purpose of this report is to provide an inside look and overview about the production, processing and consumption of Guar in various industries around the globe. Guar or cluster bean is believed to have originated in Africa but is been grown throughout southern Asia since ancient times as a vegetable and fodder crop. Guar has been cultivated in India and Pakistan for ages for use of its tender pods as fresh vegetables and other parts of the plants to be used as cattle feed. The plant is extremely drought‐resistant, being able to absorb efficiently all ground water. It grows therefore easily in those semi‐arid regions where less hardy crops perish. The major world supplier of guar seed are India, Pakistan and United States. 

The guar bean is principally grown in India and Australia, with smaller crops in the US, China, and Africa. In India, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana are the main producing regions, and Jodhpur, Sri Ganga-Nagar and Hanumangarh in Rajasthan are the major Guar trading markets. 

India produces 1.2-1.5 million tons of guar annually, making it the largest producer with about 80% of world production. In Pakistan, Punjab is the main production area for guar beans. 

The world production for guar gum and its derivatives is about 0.7 million tons (700,000 tons). Industrial guar gum accounts for about 45% of the total demand. It is used as a controlling agent in oil wells to facilitate easy drilling and prevent fluid loss 

State wise production of guar in India:
State Production in Tons %
Punjab and others


Friday, November 15, 2013

Processing Flow Chart

5.1 Undehusked Guar Splits
  The gum is commercially extracted from the seeds essentially by
  a mechanical process of roasting, differential attrition, sieving and polishing.
  The seeds are broken and the germ is separated from the endosperm.
  Two halves of the endosperm are obtained from each seed and are known as Undehusked Guar     Splits. 

5.2 Refined Guar Splits
Refined Guar Splits are obtained when the fine layer of fibrous material, which forms the husk, is removed
and separated from the endosperm halves by polishing. 

5.3 Guar Powder
The refined Guar Splits are then treated and finished into powders by a variety of routes and processing
techniques depending upon the end product 

5.4 Guar seed Extract
Guar seed consists of three parts, germ (43-47%), endosperm (35-42%) and the husk (1 17%). Extracts from Guar
seed include Guar Split/Gum (29%), Korma (30-35%) and Churi (35-40%). Guar split/gum is further refined to Guar
powder. The by-product of Guar Gum industry consisting of the outer seed coat and germ material is called
guar meal. The Guar meal after gum Extraction is a potential source of protein and contains about 42% crude
protein, which is one and a half times more than the level of protein in guar seed. 

5.5 Guar gum & Splits

Approximately 90% of total Guar produce is used for production of Guar Gum and rest is used for culinary
purposes and cattle feed etc. Guar gum, also called guaran, is a galactomanan. Guar gum is produced from
the endosperm, which is about 35-42 percent of the guar seed mass, and mainly consists of gum Poly groups of
monogalactoses (a type of sugar). Different grades are made based on purity and present viscosity of powers in
water. Guar gum has almost 8 times the thickening power as corn starch, and is used in dressings, sauces, milk
products, and baking mixes.

5.5. (a) Specifications of Guar Splits:
Gum Content
Dehusked Splits
90% Minimum
5% Maximum
Ether Extract
0.6% Maximum
1% Maximum
10% Maximum
Crude Fibre
1.5% Maximum
Degree of refining
Double refined